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 Description of the Prophet's Prayer

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مُساهمةموضوع: Description of the Prophet's Prayer   الأربعاء أبريل 21, 2010 11:21 pm

The orientation towards the Kaaba

To complete the prayer must be directed towards the Kaaba.

Standing

The person who prays must stand, this is a pillar of prayer.

The sutra


it is compulsory to pray in the direction of a sutra. The Prophet () said: "Do not pray in the direction of a Sutra and not let anyone pass you, if someone insists, then fighting it because the devil is with him." (Muslim, abi daoud 694-695)

Intention

The prior must imperatively establish the intention to perform the prayer for which he prepared, and the state in the heart. [It is not possible to make this intent with the language].

Takbeer

Then we start the prayer with Takbir of consecration by saying Allahu Akbar, this is a pillar. It raises his hands before, during or after the Takbir. [The palms of the hands toward the Qibla, at shoulder height or sometimes the head].
Then we put the right hand on the left hand to chest height. The person must concentrate during prayer, it must focus are look at the place where people prostrate. We should look neither to right nor left, nor raise his eyes to heaven.
Then it is sunnah to begin the prayer by some invocations that have been reported to Annabiy () example:

"Subhannaka allahuma wa wa bihamdika Tabarak ismuka, wa wa ta'ala jadduka 'ilaha ghayruka."

"Glory to Thee, O Allah and to praise Thee. Your name is blessed, Your glory is high and there is no god [worthy of worship] except you"

Then we seek refuge with Allah against the devil.

"A'odhu bi Allahi min al-ar-chaytani Rajim"
"I seek refuge with Allah against the accursed Satan"

Then, one recites Surah Al-Fatiha. This is a pier.

"Bismillah ar-rahman ar-rahim"
Al hamdu lillah Rabbi al-ar-rahman ar'alamin-rahim, maliki Yawmi-d-din wa iyyaka na'budu iyyaka nasta'in, ihdina-s-l-sirat mustaqim, Sirat-the-year Lazin ' AMTA 'alayhim gayril-maghdoubi' alayim wa-dhallin "
"Amin"

"In the name of Allah, Most Gracious the Most Merciful"
"All praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds, Most Gracious, Most Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgement, Thee do we worship and from You alone do we beseech for help, Guide us to the Straight Path The path of those whom Thou hast bestowed favors, not those who incurred wrath, nor of those who go astray "

Reciting al-Fatihah is obligatory in every rak'ah.
It is Sunnah to recite another surah or a few verses, after Al-Fatiha, the first two-six.
The recitation is aloud during the prayer of Subh and the first two rak'ahs Maghrib and 'Isha.
And in a low voice during the prayer Dhuhr, the 'Asr, Maghrib rak'ah the third and the last two rak'ahs of' Isha.

The inclination (rukoo)

Then they raise their hands at the shoulders and pronounced the Takbir
"Allahu Akbar" Allah is the Greatest "This is an obligation.
Next, we bow in your hands on the knees and spreads his fingers as if they wanted to take the knee. This is a pier.

Then when the slope is said three times or more:

"Subhaan rabbiy al-'azhim"
"Glory to Allah the Most Great"

This is an obligation


The recovery of the inclination
Then it edged up the slope. This is a pier.
Himself up, and they say this is an obligation:

"Sami'a li-l-Lahi man hamidah"
"Allah hears him who you Loue.

Then once fully recovered and is said this is an obligation,

"Rabbani-hamd wa Lakala"
"O our Lord, praise be to You.

Prostration (Sujud)
Prostrate, saying "Allahu Akbar" and this is an obligation. It is Sunnah to up his hands at shoulder level.
Prostrate, putting both hands in front of the 7 body parts (face [forehead and nose], 2 hands, 2 knees and feet [toes facing the Qiblah].
This is a pier.
Then they say, and this is an obligation (3 times or more):

"Subhaan rabbee-l-a'la"
"Glory to Allah the Most High"

It is recommended to do a lot of invocation (du'a) at that position, cons is prohibited to recite the Koran.

Then you get up by saying the Takbir "Allahu Akbar" and this is an obligation.
You sit quietly and this is a pillar.

Then they say, and this is an obligation:

Rabbi ghfer-li, Rabbi ghfer-li "
"O Allah, forgive me, O Allah, forgive me"

The second Prostration
Then you pronounce the Takbir "Allahu Akbar" and this is an obligation.
Then we prostrate for the second time in the same manner as the first time, this is a pillar. We do the same thing in the first prostration.

The posture of rest (jalsat ul-istiraha)
When one looks up from the second prostration, and we want to get up, we pronounce the Takbir "Allahu Akbar", this is an obligation.
Then we sit quietly on his left foot before being raised to be in a standing position, this is a Sunnah:

"According to Abu Qilâba, Malik ibn al-al-Huwayrith Laythy saw the Prophet () to pray at a rak'ah odd prayer he did not get up after being sat for some time. (Bukhari 823 )

Then you get up for second rak'ah, pressing both fists on the floor, to reach the standing position and this is a pillar.

Thus ends the first-six.

After standing up straighter, it is in the second rak'ahs the same acts in the first, except the opening invocation.

Sit for the certification (tashahhud)
When we finished the second rak'ah (after the second prostration), we sit for tashahhud and this is an obligation.
It raises the right hand on the thigh and right knee, right elbow and right thigh. It is the right index finger in the direction of the Qibla and we close the other fingers of his right hand.
The left hand should be placed on the thigh and left knee.
It agitates the right index finger [downward], the eye is turned to the index.
Then recite the tashahhud, this is an obligation:

"Attahiyyatu li Allah was-salawatu, wat-tayyibat. Assalamu 'ala annabyi wa Rahmat Allahi wa ul barakatuh, Assalamu' Alayna Wa 'ala' Ibadi Allahi assalihin. Achhadu ANLA ilaha illa Allah wa anna Muhammadan achhadu 'wa abduhu rasouluh "
"Greetings are for Allah, and prayers and good works. That is hello on the Prophet and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. That salvation is upon us and the righteous servants of Allah.
I bear witness that there is no god [worthy of worship] other than Allah and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His messenger.

Then they say

"Allah umma salli 'ala muhammadin, wa' ala ali Muhammad, kama sallayta 'ala ibrahim wa' ala ali ibrahim, innaka hamidum-majid.
Allahumma barik 'ala Muhammad wa' ala ali muhammad kama barakta 'ala Ibrahim wa' ala ali ibrahim, innaka hamidun majid "

O Allah, pray to Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You prayed on Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim, You are truly worthy of praise and Full of Glory.
O Allah, pour out Your blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as Thou didst spread on Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. You are truly worthy of praise and Full of Glory. "

If prayer has more than two rak'ahs it rises after tashahhud to join the standing position by saying the Takbir "Allahu Akbar", this is an obligation, and we did the same thing in the first and second rak'ah.
Reaching the end of last rak'ah (2, 3 or 4 rak'at, according to the prayer of the day) we did the same thing in the first tashahhud in which this invocation is added after the salutation on the Prophet ().

"Allahumma inni a'odhu bika min 'adhabi jahannam wa min' adhabil fitnati Qabri wa min al-Mahi wa al-Mamat wa min carries fitnatil Massih ad-Dajjal"
"O Allah, I seek refuge with You against the punishment of hell, against the punishment of the grave, against the temptation of life and death, and against the evil temptations of the Antichrist (Dajjal) ".

Then we go to the final salutation "Taslim"

Greeting final "Taslim"

Next, one greets his right, and this is a pillar, so that [if people are behind], they can see the tip of the right cheek.
They say

"Assalamu 'alaykum wa Rahmatullah"
"That the salvation and mercy of Allah be upon you."

Next, one greets his left, so that [if people are behind], they can see the tip of the left cheek.
They say

"Assalamu 'alaykum wa Rahmatullah"
"That the salvation and mercy of Allah be upon you."

Postscript:
Sources: Summary Description of the Prayer of the Prophet Muhammad Sheikh Al-Albaani Nâssiruddîn and Epistle on Prayer of Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz.

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Description of the Prophet's Prayer
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